Half of diabetics may be deprived of insulin in less than 15 years, according to a recent study that alerts the scientific world.
In people without diabetes, insulin is secreted by the body continuously.
On the other hand, in people with diabetes, insulin injection is often necessary to allow glucose to enter the blood and supply the cells.
But a shortage of insulin worldwide is likely to emerge in the coming years as the number of people suffering from diabetes is expected to increase, according to research published last week in the journal The Lancet .
Three companies dominate the insulin market, a very expensive product.
Most affected areas
According to the same study, Africa, Asia and Oceania will be the areas most affected by lack of insulin.
The authors of the study therefore advocate for greater accessibility of this hormone.
“Our estimates suggest that current access to insulin is highly inadequate compared to projected needs and that more needs to be done for this impending public health problem,” the US channel said. CNN Dr. Sanjay Basu, professor of medicine at Stanford University and director of this study.
According to the authors of the study, the number of people suffering from type 2 diabetes in the world could increase from 406 million to 511 million in 2030.
Not all people with diabetes need insulin, however, the study says. The number of those for whom the hormone will be needed is expected to increase by 20% in the next 15 years.
That would mean that by 2030, 79 million people with type 2 diabetes would need insulin.
“Unless governments take strong measures to simplify access to insulin, its use will not be optimal,” says Dr. Basu.
Diabetes doctors estimates that 830,000 people live with diabetes in Quebec only.